Scoliosis is an abnormal twisting and sideways curvature of the spine. It is usually noticed initially by a change in the appearance of the back. Though it is a complicated three-dimensional condition, on an X-ray, viewed from the rear, the spine of an individual with scoliosis can bear a resemblance to an "S" or a "C," rather than a straight line. Scoliosis is two times more observed in girls than boys. It can be visible at any age, but it is mostly common in those over about 10 years old.
Causes of Scoliosis Surgery
1. Idiopathic Scoliosis: No exact cause is found in around 8 out of every 10 cases. Anyhow, researchers have concluded that there is a family history of this condition in some idiopathic cases, which advises a possible genetic link. It is further sub-classified as infantile, juvenile, and adolescent.
2. Congenital Scoliosis: It is caused by the bones in the spine growing abnormally inside the womb.
3. Degenerative Scoliosis: Some parts of the spine have become narrow and weak (osteoporosis) with time.
4. Secondary Scoliosis: Other medical conditions cause a small number of cases, including:
- Cerebral Palsy – a condition linked with brain injury.
- Muscular Dystrophy – a genetic condition that leads to muscle weakness.
- Marfan Syndrome – a disorder of some connective tissues.
- Neurofibromatosis – a genetic condition that gives rise to benign tumors to grow along with your nerves.
- Rett Syndrome – a genetic disorder, usually influencing females, which causes serious physical and mental disability.
Diagnosis for Scoliosis Surgery
Scoliosis can usually be detected after a physical examination of the spine, ribs, hips, and shoulders. The orthopedic experts will take an x-ray to confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis. The x-ray images will also assist in determining the shape, direction, location, and angle of the curve. The medical name for the corner of spine curves is known as the Cobb angle. In some cases, like a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan or a computerized tomography (CT) scan may also be suggested.
Treatment for Scoliosis Surgery
Treating Scoliosis in Children: If a child has scoliosis, scoliosis surgery will rely on their age and how serious it is. The primary treatment options are:
1. Observation: Treatment is not always mandatory for very young children because their condition corrects itself as they grow. Anyhow, if the curve does not make it right itself, it can lower the space for the internal organs to grow in, so careful monitoring by a specialist is necessary. Your specialist will usually suggest having regular x-rays to monitor the curvature to see if it improves, remain the same, or gets worse.
2. Casting: In some cases, influencing young children, the spine may require being guided during growth in an attempt to correct the curve. In a child aged under two years old, this can, at times, be achieved by using a cast. A cast is an outward brace to the trunk made out of a weightless combination of modern and plaster casting materials. The cast is constantly worn and cannot be separated, but is changed regularly to permit for growth and remodeling. The cast will be modified under anesthetic every two to three months with the goal of gradually straightening the spine.
3. Bracings: If the curve of your child's spine is becoming worse, your specialist may suggest they wear a back brace while they are developing. A brace cannot cure scoliosis or correct the curve, but it may avert the curve from getting worse. Anyhow, it is not recommended by all scoliosis specialists. Braces are made of rigid plastic, though adjustable braces are sometimes available. In general, new back braces are outlined, so they are hard to see under loose-fitting clothing. It is usually suggested that the brace is worn for 23 hours a day, and is only separated for baths and showers. The brace is separated during contact sports and swimming. Regular exercise is vital for children wearing a brace. It helps in improving muscle tone and body strength and will contribute to making wearing the brace more comfortable.
4. Surgery: If your child stops growing and the scoliosis is critical, or other treatments have been ineffective, corrective surgery may be suggested. The type of surgery will rely on your child’s age. Growing rods are injected to allow for continued controlled development of the spine while partially correcting scoliosis. Every 4 to 6 months the rods lengthen to keep up with the child's growth. Magnets are used to elongate the rods. When your child has stopped growing, the adjustable rods can be separated, and a spinal fusion will be carried out. Lumbar spinal fusion is a surgery that causes the vertebrae in the lower back to develop together. The aim of lumbar fusion is to have the two vertebrae fuse so that there is no longer any mobility between them. In spinal fusion, the spine is made straight using metal rods joined with screws, hooks, and wires, and bone implants are used to fuse the spine in place.
Scoliosis Surgery in India
The goal of scoliosis surgery in India or scoliosis treatment in India is threefold:
- Safely elongate the spine as much as possible.
- Balance the torso and pelvic parts.
- Maintain the correction for the long
Scoliosis surgery in India is a huge attraction for medical tourist because of excellent facilities and low-cost services. Scoliosis Spine surgery in India is a good solution for scoliosis patients due to high-quality medical care, qualified, skilled and competent spine surgeons, cost-effective and better communication due to no language barrier. Scoliosis Spine surgery cost is available at a reasonable value only in India when compared to different developed countries like the US, the UK, Canada, etc.